Feminist Transgressions? Object and Process in Transgenic/Genetic Works by Women






  • Interest in new technologies has fostered a growing interdisciplinary exploration between artists, scientists, social scientists, and designers. Particular types of artwork have held attraction for the artist-scientist in the 20th and 21st centuries: artificial life, evolutionary art, and genetic art have been created by those with an interest in science and organic structures. Concerns inherent to these contemporary interests are centuries old; 1 the use of novel technologies to mimic or create life can be traced to the Ancient Greeks, Jewish, Chinese, and Egyptian cultures, in which stories of famous pneumatic automata and golem originated.

View Full Paper:


  • GIBBS, W. 2001. Art as a Form of Life. Scientific American. http://www.sciam.com/2001/0401issue/0401 profile. html

    GROSZ, E. ed. 2000. Becomings: Explorations in Time, Memory and Futures. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.

    HOFMANN, I., WITTKOPP, G., and WILSON, D. 1999. Weird Science: A Conflation of Art and Science. Bloomfield Hills, Mich: Cranbrook Art Museum.

    JEREMIJENKO, N. OneTree. http ://www. cat. nyu .ed u/nata I ie/One Tree/One TreeDescri pt ion. html

    LEVY, E.K. 1996. Contemporary Art and the Genetic Code: New Models and Methods of Representation. Art Journal 55: 1, 20-25.

    MAHONEY, R. 2000. Christine Borland. Artnet Magazine.

    MESKIMMON, M. 2000. Historiography/Feminisms/Strategies. n.Paradoxa 12.

    PENNY, S. 1995. Why Do We Want Our Machines to Be Alive? Scientific American. http://www.art.cfa.cmu.edu/penny/texts/sci_ am_ Golem. html

    RAAF, S. Breath Cultures. http://www.raaf.org/

    RAPOPORT, S. 1998. The Transgenic Bagel: The Transformation of Computer-Based Artwork. Leonardo 31:4, 271-275.

    SEABROOK, J. 1990. Biotech Bondage. New Statesman, 17-19.

    SHIVA, V. A Third World Perspective on Biotechnology. http://www.psrast.org/vashbiot.htm

    STEIN, L. 2001. Smile Tomato. Paradise Now exhibition. http://www.geneart.org/stei n. htm

    TOMA, J., AKHAVAN, M., FERNANDES, K., BARNABE-HEIDER, F., SADIKOT, A., KAPLAN, D. R., & MILLER, F. 2001. Isolation of Multipotent Adult Stem Cells from the Dermis of Mammalian Skin. Nature Cell Biology 3:9, 778-784.

    WRIGHT, R. 1994. Feminists, Meet Mr. Darwin: The Evolutionary Psychology of the Female Mind. The New Republic 211: 22, 34-42.

    YOUNGS, A. 2000. The Fine Art of Creating Life. Leonardo 33:5, 377- 380.

    ZELEVANSKY, L. 1994. Sense and Sensibility: Woman Artists and Minimalism in the Nineties. Exhibition catalogue. New York: Museum of Modern Art.