Noah Wardrip-Fruin


New York University


New York City, New York, US


Speaker/Presenter, Author, Committee Member, and Jury Member

Art Works:

Writings and Presentations:

Title: The Pixel/The Line: Approaches to Interactive Text
Writing Type: Panel / Roundtable
Exhibition: SIGGRAPH 2001: n-space
Abstract Summary:

The Web is a major topic at SIGGRAPH 2001, as it has been for several years. But there has not yet been a substantial discussion at a
SIGGRAPH conference of the Web’s primary and foundational media: text. This panel brings together five experts who span a range of approaches to responsive text through computer graphics and interactive techniques. The presentations are both theoretical and applied, demonstrating techniques ranging from direct manipulation through artificial intelligence, and drawing on the insights of various fields, from visual art through literature.

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Title: Hypermedia, Eternal Life, and the Impermanence Agent
Writing Type: Paper
Exhibition: SIGGRAPH 1999: technOasis
Abstract Summary:

We look to media as memory, and a place to memorialize,
when we have lost.

Hypermedia pioneers envisioned the ultimate media within the ultimate archive, with each element in continual (versioned) flux and constant new additions – dynamism without loss.

Instead we have the Web, where “Not Found” is a daily message. Projects such as the Internet Archive and Afterlife dream of fixing this uncomfortable impermanence. Marketers, instead, promise agents that will make the Web comfortable through filtering (hiding the impermanence and overwhelming profusion that its dynamism engenders).

The Impermanence Agent operates differently. It begins by
telling my stories – my grandmother’s stories – and as users browse, the images and texts they pull from the Web are interwoven with her stories. In time, the original stories are lost. New stories, collaboratively created, have taken their place.

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