Noah Wardrip-Fruin

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Most Recent Affiliation:

  • New York University


  • New York City, New York, United States of America


  • Noah Wardrip-Fruin is Professor of Computational Media at the University of California, Santa Cruz, where he codirects the Expressive Intelligent Studio. He is the author of Expressive Processing: Digital Fictions, Computer Games, and Software Studies (MIT Press).

Committee Member:

Custom Committee:

Art Paper Reviewer:

Writings and Presentations:

  • Title: The Pixel/The Line: Approaches to Interactive Text
    Writing Type: Panel / Roundtable
    Exhibition: SIGGRAPH 2001: n-space
    Abstract Summary:

    The Web is a major topic at SIGGRAPH 2001, as it has been for several years. But there has not yet been a substantial discussion at a SIGGRAPH conference of the Web’s primary and foundational media: text. This panel brings together five experts who span a range of approaches to responsive text through computer graphics and interactive techniques. The presentations are both theoretical and applied, demonstrating techniques ranging from direct manipulation through artificial intelligence, and drawing on the insights of various fields, from visual art through literature.

    [Download PDF]

    Title: Hypermedia, Eternal Life, and the Impermanence Agent
    Writing Type: Essay
    Exhibition: SIGGRAPH 1999: technOasis
    Abstract Summary:

    We look to media as memory, and a place to memorialize, when we have lost.

    Hypermedia pioneers envisioned the ultimate media within the ultimate archive, with each element in continual (versioned) flux and constant new additions – dynamism without loss.

    Instead we have the Web, where “Not Found” is a daily message. Projects such as the Internet Archive and Afterlife dream of fixing this uncomfortable impermanence. Marketers, instead, promise agents that will make the Web comfortable through filtering (hiding the impermanence and overwhelming profusion that its dynamism engenders).

    The Impermanence Agent operates differently. It begins by telling my stories – my grandmother’s stories – and as users browse, the images and texts they pull from the Web are interwoven with her stories. In time, the original stories are lost. New stories, collaboratively created, have taken their place.

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    Title: A Zooming Sketchpad, a Multiscale Narrative: Pad++, PadDraw, Gray Matters
    Writing Type: Sketch / Art Talk
    Exhibition: SIGGRAPH 1997: Ongoings
    Abstract Summary:

    Pad++, a general-purpose zoomable substrate For creating and interacting with structured information, is under development by researchers at the University of New Mexico and New York University. All Pad++ objects support zooming, and there ore mechanisms for navigating through a multiscale space using panning, zooming, and hyperlinks. Pad++ includes a number of efficiency mechanisms that help maintain interactive frame­rates with large and complicated graphical scenes.

    [Download PDF]